Finally, make a third cut parallel to and just on the branch side of the of the stem collar to reduce the length of the stub as much as possible.
When pruning make sure that you never remove more than 25 percent of the tree's crown. Removing too much at one time can really stress the tree out. If you have specific questions about pruning, especially if you have a fruit tree that requires specific pruning, contact your local cooperative extension office for advice.
Anne Lenox Barlow has had experience in the agricultural field as a horticulture educator with Cornell Cooperative Extension in Clinton County. She can be reached by e-mail at email@example.com.