Also, O'Brien recommended as a long term solution to carbon emissions that the United States needs to not just retain the viable nuclear units we have today but seriously pursue new nuclear generating units. He offered that non-carbon sources such as VY and of course hydro is the true means to become independent from foreign oil. Spent nuclear fuel is a concern with the failure of the federal government to honor their commitments on long term storage or to advance re-processing of the waste is a scandal, "but at least you know where byproduct of generation is and you can manage it. With fossil fuels, you don't," noting that spent fossil fuel toxic pollutants end up in the atmosphere and have other harmful effects.
The cost and reliability of electricity is one of the most important issues for manufacturers and other energy-intensive businesses.