- excessive shivering
- loss of energy
- feelings of confusion and sleepiness
- cold skin that is ashy or pale
- slowed breathing
- reduced heart rate
Frostbite is somewhat easier to detect, but can lead to loss of limbs in some cases. Frostbite is characterized by skin damage that can go all the way to the bone, typically affecting the nose, ears, cheeks, fingers, or toes. To protect against frostbite, cover up all parts of the body when leaving the house and immediately get indoors if your skin starts to redden, turn dark or even ache.
Other safety measures
Modify any items needed for getting around: If you need to walk with a cane, modify the cane before the winter weather hits. A metal grip on the bottom of the cane will increase stability. In addition, if the hand grip is worn, replace it with a fresh grip to help you maintain balance should you be forced to walk on patches of ice or snow.
Exercise whenever possible: Regular exercise enables muscles to stay strong while maintaining coordination and balance. Each of these things will reduce the risk of injury during the winter months, not to mention benefit your overall health in the meantime.
Embrace what you cannot change: If you're not a fan of winter, try to view it in a new light. Try taking up a wintertime activity such as skiing to enjoy the season.