Coronary heart disease and heart attack and stroke can be avoided to a large extent by lifestyle measures.
The direct causes of coronary heart disease and stroke are factors like these:
- Restriction of blood vessels in the heart and the rest of the body by arteriosclerosis.
- High blood cholesterol level.
- High blood pressure.
- Excess weight.
- High level of the amino acid homocysteine in the blood.
- High content of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and low-density lipoprotein (HDL) in blood. Lipoprotein is a combination of protein and fatty substances that are linked to each other.
- Inflammation in the circulatory system.
- High age.
- Inherited tendencies for high cholesterol and heart disease.
- Men are more likely to get heart disease than women.
These factors are interrelated in complex ways, and are causing or amplifying each other. For example, arteriosclerosis will cause higher blood pressure, high blood pressure and will cause even more atherosclerosis. Many of these factors are ultimately caused or aggravated by the lifestyle of these factors:
A too-high intake of fat, cholesterol and sugar.
-The fat consumption of the wrong type.
-Lack of fiber, vitamins, minerals and other dietary deficiencies.
-The stress at work and in everyday life.
-Lack of exercise.
Lifestyle adjustments will therefore be the main methods of prevention of heart failure. A diet with the aim of preventing heart disease is usually the same as a diet to prevent cancer and other diseases. Here are the general diet advice:
- Avoid or reduce the amount of food that are industrially processed, artificially made or heavily fried.
- Eating fish at least every second day. Also eat seafood and fouls.
- Do not eat much red meat.
- Eat 5 fruits or vegetables per day. Each piece should be the size of an apple or carrot. They should be raw or carefully boiled so that nutrients are not washed out.