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Are you buying a stolen car?

As more families look to stretch their dollar, buying a used car, instead of new, is increasingly popular. Unfortunately, some Vermont law enforcement agencies are reporting that VIN cloning-which targets used car buyers-is on the rise. The Better Business Bureau in New England is now cautioning car buyers to do research or you may unknowingly purchase a stolen car.

Nearly 4 million used cars were purchased in May, up 23 percent over April, according to CNW research. As a reflection of the current economic slump that started in 2009, new car sales are down 34 percent.

One scam that specifically plagues used car buyers is VIN cloning, which is essentially auto identity theft used by car thieves to unload stolen cars.

"VIN cloning has two victims," said Paula Fleming, the BBB spokesperson for Vermont. "The first is the victim who had their car stolen, and the second is the unsuspecting buyer because, when the police track down the stolen car, they're going to give it back to the rightful owner and the new owner will suddenly have no car or a way to get his or her money back."

A car's vehicle identification number, or VIN number, is a unique number that serves as a way to recognize a specific car. The number is also used by law enforcement to track down and flag stolen cars. For this reason, car thieves will "clone" a stolen car's VIN number to match that of a car that isn't stolen.

Sometimes the thieves will punch out a new VIN and replace the stolen vehicle's dash VIN with the new one or they use computer technology to print out authentic looking documents with phony VINs. The last step is selling the vehicle, usually through classified ads or other informal methods. Some altered vehicles end up in auctions, sold through classifieds or on unsuspecting used car lots.

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